Greater cooperation among standards bodies, corporations, municipal governments and other stakeholders is needed, so that IoT and existing smart building technology can work together to deliver the full potential of smart cities, according to a Georgia Tech study .
The problem is that standards for current systems under construction are lacking, much less to have standards so they can share with newer IoT devices.
A provider of automation software for, for example, elevators could use a data format very different from that of the manufacturer of the HVAC systems of a given building, which makes it difficult to integrate these two critical systems in the same frame.
Part of what makes the problem of standardization at the construction level so difficult is that most of the systems currently used for the management of digital facilities were originally designed to perform a wide range of functions. For example, the Green Building XML scheme , or gbXML , was created to be a standard format for sharing CAD-based information between different construction plans, but is now in use as a tool for live analysis of energy use in buildings. smart , for example.
The centralization of these innumerable systems is, however, underway at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The “Smart City Framework enabled for IoT” or IES-City Framework, in which NIST is working with groups in other countries, is largely conceptual at the moment, but highlights several potential cases of concrete use for more unified standards in the future. .
Some of the hypothetical use cases proposed by the Georgia Tech researchers include a facility management system that can track whether people occupy a given space in a building or not, allowing for better decision making regarding the use of the facility. space, precise dispatch of emergency services in case of fire or massive shooting, and even energy management, converting computers and HVAC when the spaces are unoccupied.
In addition to a smart screw gun that can recognize who is using it and count the number of screws used. This can help track worker productivity, maintenance information on the screw gun and time / location data.
An automated maintenance and cleaning service that can dispatch to Roombas to clean minor stains detected automatically on the floor, while presenting maintenance requests for major problems.